Memoranda for Submission to the Chief Ministers of the Two Telugu States.

National Security

When Will the Peoples War on the Indian State End

Dt: 27/10/16

When Will the Peoples War on the Indian State End

Dr T.H.Chowdary*


The  death of 28  Maoist guerrilla soldiers in the battle on 24 October on the  A.P - Orissa border   in Malkanagiri must raise the  question as to the nature and purpose of the  Maoists raising an army and whether  and  when and how their war would finally end?   The armed  actions  of  a section of   communists in India known as  Naxalites started in  1976 and in these  four  decades,   it has   taken the  shape  of a classical communist guerrilla army waging  civil war to put an end to the  bourgeois-  capitalist state and substitute it by  dictatorship of  the  proletariat under the  hegemony   of Marxist, Leninist,  Stalinist, Maoist  Communist party . 

2. These four -decades long  armed  actions  of the Peoples War Group (PWG) guerrillas have a precedent.  In September 1948, by  the  short  four  -day military action, the Nizam’s   resistance to accede to India  was finished by the  17 Sept 1948.   The Communist Party of  India, under  instruction and direction of  Stalin through the  COMINFORM (Communist  Information Bureau) took to armed actions  to overthrow the  Nehru government  characterising it as  a lackey and running dog of Anglo-American imperialism . The  armed resistance  of the communists to  the Nizam’s police and  Razakar goondas in Hyderabad state  of the  later 1940s was   converted   into   the war against  the Government of India itself.  In Telangana, the communists   fought the Indian  Army from Sept 1948 until Sept 1951.  The Indian military finally gained  the upper hand ; the communist guerrillas were more are less eliminated; the few that   remained and the leaders were confined to the forests. In this  desperate  situation, a delegation of  communist leaders   - Chandra  Rajeswara Rao, Makineni Basavapunnaiah, S.A.Dange and Ajoy Ghosh, -secretly went to Moscow. After a long wait,  they were received by J V Stalin.  After  thorough discussions of the  situation,  Stalin directed the Indian Communist Party  to give up the armed actions not  only in Telangana but everywhere else in India.  He advised  the communist  party to forge popular Fronts and fight  the elections that the government announced for 1952.  The communist  

delegation came back  and   wrote to the  Government of India   for discussion to end   the peoples war.  Govind Ballabh Pant was the Home Minister in Delhi.   He  summarily rejected the fantastic claim of the   rump of  the communist guerrillas for parleys.   The Communist Party  then  publicly  renounced  the armed  revolution  and formed the Popular  Democratic Front (PDF) in Telangana under the leadership of Dr  N M Jaisurya and  P D  Deshpande.

3.  Since then the Communist Party  has taken to electoral politics and undergone several splits. In 1976 under  inspiration from the  Chinese Community party, the Naxalite faction  of the  communists have taken to  arms . There are fractions among them and by now they seem to have all come under one leadership . They once  said,  “ China’s Chairman Mao is our Chairman”.  In the  last 40 years  there have been several battles wrongly called encounters between these Maoist PWG  guerrilla   units and     several police  formations   of   the Andhra Pradesh , Odisha, Chattisgarh  and Government of India .  

4. The leadership of these factions  had passed from  Bengalis  to Andhras.  In Andhra Pradesh whenever  a new government  like that of NT Rama  Rao and Y.S.Rajasekhara Reddy came, there used to be   discussions   between   the leaders of  Maoist armies and  government. They were all futile. The  guerrilla war was resumed after  every failed discussion.

5.  It is curious that,  after every battle  between  the  PWG and armed forces of the sates,   revolutionary  writers and leaders of   communist  front organisations  for civil liberalities, democratic rights,  human rights etc  immediately   give out,  earlier than the   police, names of people  who  died in the  armed exchanges.  They assert the dead  Maoists  were in fact   captured by the  police and killed in cold blood.  These announcements including the names of  the people  are given to the  press even  before the  police authorities come to  know of them. This shows   that these revolutionary writers and champions of  human rights and  civil rights are the  above ground infrastructure of the  PWG . They call the  battles as fake   encounters .  But the battles in which many policemen are killed are celebrated at victory rallies in JNU Delhi and Jadhavpur University Kolkata etc. “Encounter”  deaths  i.e those  battles lost by the  PWG are characterised  as state organised murders.  High Courts are  petitioned to order inquiries. These above-ground  PWG organisations are  civil and  democratic rights warriors never open their mouths  against  the  Maoist armies killing those whom they characterise as informers, coverts, defectors and  “enemies of the  people”

6. This  40- year long civil war has no parallel in the  history of any country, at any time.  This is raging in  India  because, unlike at the  time of Sardar Patel and  Govind Vallabh Pant, there is no clarity regarding the aim of the    communists  in this country. There are now eight  above ground communist parties  all of which are  just   statement parties of India.  In elections  they   come together  but  never did  they get more than  3% to 5% of the popular vote. There are  various above -ground  popular front organisations of different descriptions   working  for   the PWG. The PWG cannot  be defeated unless the above -ground infrastructures are identified and eliminated.   (879 words)