Memoranda for Submission to the Chief Ministers of the Two Telugu States.


PWG’s Civil War On The Indian State


Dt:  28/4/21

PWG’s Civil War On The Indian State

Dr T.H.Chowdary*


Dr PV Ramana  addressed a zoom meeting organized by Pragna Bharati  on the   evening of 24th April 2021 .The talk was titled,” India’s Maoist Movement: Trends Status And Way Forward” is known to be a  policy analyst; was  a Research Fellow at the  Institute for Defence  Studies and Analyses (Delhi). Presently he is a member of the Task Force  formed by the  Bureau of Police Research and Development ,  Ministry of Home Affairs,  New Delhi  to study, “ Indoctrination , Recruitment , Surrender and Conviction of  Maoists”. The report is due to be submitted before end of April 2021. His talk dealt with the encounters/battles  between Security Forces ( CRPF, State’s special  units  like  Greyhounds….). No amount of information in such talks will help India to end the  decade’s long “ Maoist movement without a knowledge of  and exposition on the ideology and aims  of the Maoist PWG”.


2.  The self-description of the Maoists  is  “ People War Group (PWG)”; they are a guerrilla army;  their armed men and women  have been  operating in the  mostly tribal inhabitat forest areas of Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Maharashtra ,Telangana , AP and  Jharkhand since the  later 1970s.  In the encounters/battels  between them and  Security Forces a few thousand police men and hundreds of informers” (civilians ) were killed by the PWG . So were some hundreds of  Maoists – PWG soldiers killed.  The underground PWG army  has   above - ground support structure. Unless  we understand the true nature and  aims of the PWG the battles and consequent loss of life  will not end,  just like the jihad in the Kashmir area of J&K in the Indian Union. We must get the facts right. Let me state them with  candour.


3. Maoists are waging  a civil war ; not merely indulging in “ left wing extremism” .The PWG is   indoctrinated  by Marxism -  Leninism – Stalinism -  Maoism (definitely its  leadership)   and aims  to overthrow the governments and establish in their stead  “dictatorship of the proletariat” which in their  belief and  theory  is the highest form of democracy, as it will be rule of the  poor   - industrial and agricultural workers, toilers. As long as  policy makers, journalists,  politicians and governments don’t recognize and accept this fact , namely the Maoist PWG is  waging  a civil  war, winning  which they  like to establish a dictatorship of  themselves in the name the  proletariat, as in Stalinist Russia  and the Peoples Republic of  China , the battels between the Maoist PWG and India’s Security Forces will not end and  India would be  offering canon- fodder of  its Security  Forces to the   PWG.


4.  The British rulers of India  mercilessly  eliminated the  Thughs ( 1830s)  and  Pindaries (1817-18)  who were,  like the Maoists,  parallel power t British rule   and preyed  on people. They could be eliminated once for all, as unlike Maoist PWG  they were not  ideologically motivated.  Marxism-communism-Maoism  is an ideology.  Islamist jihadis are motivated  and actualized by a theology.  Like the Maoists ,  they are  operating in Kashmir. The expulsion of Hindu Pandits from Kashmir Valley is their notable success.  The inability of the government of mighty India  to relocate the pandits in safety in their ancestral land fortifies  the will of the  jihadis to prevail in Kashmir. The decades long inability of Indian governments  to put an end to foreign  and local jihadis’ operations in Kashmir is because of the  undying theological   motivation of the jihadis . So are Indian governments’ “combing operations  unable to root out  Maoist PWGs battles against India.


5. The Chief Ministers  belonging to Congress , TDP( and even TRS) conducted parleys with  the emissaries of  PWG to end  left wing  extremism”.  Some Chief Ministers flattered them by saying that they are   misguided  patriots”! With such appalling mis-understanding of PWG’s ideology and aims it is no wonder that the   40 year long civil war will not come to an end.


6. Can Maoist PWG  engage  in battles with government’s forces without continues  acquisition of arms , ammunition,  communications equipment  and a network for gathering information about the enemy , that is, government’s  security forces?  It is precisely  these requirements that are provided by the  above ground infrastructure   of “ praja sanghas”  peoples  organizations, revolutionary writers/poets; people’s  artists  -singers,  balladeers, actors, actresses, activists for human rights,  freedom of speech, freedom to agitate, constitutional rights , writers and petitions  in courts  right to organize bandhs etc.  Democratic and Progressive Teachers’ Associations , Revolutionary Students  Union (RSU), Progressive Democratic Students  Union(PDSU), Democratic Students Union (DFSU), Students Federation of India  ( SFI),  All India  Students  Federation (AISF), All India Democratic Women’s Association ( AIDWA) etc., are    various forms and constituents of the above -ground  infrastructure of the   PWG  to equip it with necessary financial ,  intellectual, legal ,  psychological,   and public relations resources for the under-ground  armed soldiers  and battles.  Those resources  are  constantly replenished, just as    seized and  lost weapons and ammunition of the  security  forces.


7. Is it not  possible to defeat and destroy the PWG? I cited   the British government  wiping out these Thughs (1830s) and Pindaries ( 1817/18) who were   larger in number than the PWG and their  above ground accomplices.  They were operating in much larger  area  than the PWG.   Unlike our government for the last 40 years  the British had the correct understanding and so  the right  resolve and the result of Tughs and Pindaries getting wiped out.  In Malaya  in the latter 1940s  the communists took to arms against the British . The latter wiped them out by even engaging  head -hunters , Dyaks  in the operations.


8. In Telangana , communists  waged war against Indian Union’s Security Forces from  September 1948 till Aug 1951 .  Sardar Patel  had  resolutely  eliminated  the gun and bomb wielding  communist guerrillas.   His work was continued after his death in Dec 1950. Under Com. B T Ranadive’s leadership and guidance of Stalin’s  COMINFORM, India’s communists  took to insurgency to throw out the Nehru government, characterizing it as a  running dog of  Anglo-American imperialism.   Parts of   Andhra  besides Telangana, Malabar ,  Bengal, witnessed the communist  insurgency. Enacting  preventive detention laws   the above-ground   insurgent communists were  put out of action.  Special police hunted and finished the armed gangs . In mid 1951 under Stalin’s orders   the communist  insurgency was called off.


 9. What should be done?

·         There must be recognition that   the Maoist PWG’s  armed actions are  not encounters but battels.  That are   part of    the civil war .

·         Endless battels are futile. We have no moral right to sacrifice hundreds of CRPF and other  police men  for no  resolve to end the 40 year long civil war.

·         The Prime Minister must hold a national conference of  leaders of  political parties, give them the history of the civil war , battels fought, lives lost, value of   nations’ assets and properties and infrastructure destroyed etc., and invite suggestions how to end the war ; disabuse them of the facile notion that  poverty and non-development can justify civil war. If that could be the reason, many areas  can be scenes of  civil war.

·         The Prime Minister should  lay bare the nature and   constituents of the  above ground infrastructure that  sustains  the civil war. He must hear all the  opinions and suggestions.

·          A deadline may be set for surrender of men and arms.  If the PWG does not surrender their  men and arms by the dead line set by the government  , the  government should declare war  by all means either PWG and its above-ground infrastructure and  wage the war to win by forcing  surrender or  inflicting death . 

·         If mighty India with the fourth largest  armed  forces    can suffer and bleed in the  war being waged by  PWG ,   how can we withstand China/Pak war? India can end Kashmiri jihad only by invading POK. But that  would mean nuclear war between India and Pakistan/ China. Therefore we  don’t invade POK. We have no  alternate  to suffer the “thousand  cuts “. But we  can and must win the civil war PWG has been waging . As a prelude  or along with  the  operation “ finish PWG” , their above -ground infrastructure  must be eliminated.  If necessary government should declare  internal  emergency  (Article -352) of the Constitution.  (1371 words) .